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Dog CBC Test

Dog CBC Test - Information on Complete Blood Count Test For Dogs

Canine complete blood count or dog cbc test is done to measure and examine the cells that are present in the blood stream.

The red and white blood cells are actually counted in this test. The cells are also viewed on a blood smear and analyzed. A cbc blood test for dogs is done in case of any type of illness. In order to evaluate the dog’s overall health as well, the cbc is done before anesthesia.

A CBC test helps in detecting underlying illness, anemia and infection. There are no actual risks associated with such a test, although caution must be exercised in case of pets that tend to bleed excessively.

Complete Blood Count Test For Dogs

A complete blood count test for dogs is used to detect anemia. Anemia is a condition wherein the red blood cell count is lower than normal.

The results also help in diagnosing infection or inflammation. Diseases of the immune system can also be detected through a CBC test. A complete blood count test may be influenced by certain drugs which have an effect on the bone marrow. An analysis of the blood smear reveals cancers such as leukemia. Close inspection of the blood cells also helps to detect the presence of blood parasites. In many cases after the CBC, additional testing is recommended by the veterinarian so that a correct diagnosis may be made. A CBC in dogs is done in much the same way as it is done in humans. A sample of blood is obtained from the superficial vein using a sterile needle and syringe. The leg or neck vein is usually used for this. The pet may have to be held gently while the needle is inserted. A small amount of hair may have to be trimmed off at the site. After the sample is obtained, the area is pressed down slightly and monitored for excess bleeding. The pet should also be monitored at home especially in case of dogs with delicate veins or coagulation problems.

The blood sample is then analyzed in the clinic or in another laboratory. A report is then provided which lists the count of the platelets, white blood cells and red blood cells. The content of hemoglobin in each red blood cell and the size of the red blood cells are also revealed. Abnormalities in the number, size and shape of the cells is reported. The results are usually available within a day.

  Submitted on January 25, 2012