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Multi Vitamins for Dogs

 Submitted by Michael Adams on April 12, 2010

Dog multi vitamins help to enhance the health of the dog. Experts propose that dogs must be given multivitamin supplements with their daily meals in order to maintain their health and fitness. Vitamins for dogs are necessary to improve growth of the bones, tissues and muscles.

Vitamins work in combination with other nutrients such as minerals and enzymes to positively affect the metabolism of the body. Vitamins also aid in functions of the body such as reproduction and proper growth of hair, cells and bones. As such they form an important part of a healthy and balanced diet.

Vitamins are categorized into two groups based on the manner in which the body stores them. Vitamins that are fat soluble are stored in the fatty tissue and liver. These include the vitamins A, D, E and K. Water soluble vitamins are stored by the body in very small quantities. A daily intake of these vitamins is necessary and if there is any excess remaining, it is excreted. Water soluble vitamins include vitamin C, B1 or thiamin, B2 or riboflavin, B3 or niacin, B5 or pantothenic acid, B6 or pyridoxine, B12 or cyanocobalamin, folic acid and biotin. Older dogs may absorb a lesser amount of vitamins, electrolytes and minerals and also lose a higher level through the urinary tract and kidneys. In some cases, older dogs also eat less due to conditions such as oral disease. Therefore they may not be receiving the required quantity of vitamins and minerals. Some research has indicated that antioxidants may assist in slowing down the natural process of ageing. These antioxidants include vitamins such as vitamin A, C and E. It is advisable to discuss with your vet regarding which supplements you should be giving your dog.

Kidney disease commonly affects dogs and in such cases a healthy diet and extra supplements are essential. Dogs should be given multivitamin supplements of vitamin B complex and C. These will help to replenish the nutrients that are lost due to the disrupted functioning of the kidneys. The B group vitamins help in the reduction of stress in dogs. They also help in replacing the water soluble vitamins that are lost through the discharge of urine. Supplements of vitamin E and C are also important dogs vitamins. Vitamin E along with omega 3 fatty acids helps to reduce inflammation in the kidney and also slow down the progression of renal failure.

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